Mandarin Orange is a citrus fruit that people often love to eat in summer. Kinnow is one of the best sources of vitamins, especially vitamin C. its juice is an important part of a Europe large community breakfast. The oranges which are most often eaten today grew first in Asian countries like Pakistan, China, and India but now grows in many parts of the world.
Cultivation of oranges
Mandarin Oranges are round fruit that grows on a tree. It can reach over 10 meters (33 ft) height. Trees of oranges have shiny dark green leaves with five petals small white flowers. The smell of flowers is very sweet which attracts bees.
Structure of an Orange
Orange has a tough shiny skin. From inside this fruit has different segments with thin tough skins that hold together many little sections with juice inside. Each orange usually has ten segments, but sometimes there are more.
Each segment also contains some seeds known as pips. You can also use these pips to grow orange trees. Usually, the technique that most people follow is by cutting a part of the orange tree root and plant it in the ground. The white fiber that separates segments of orange is known as pith.
Different types of oranges have different layers of pith. In some types, you can simply apart segments by peeling off the pith and in some, you can not. In mandarin oranges, the skin, pith, or segments can be taken apart very easily. Orange skin is known as orange peel.
Good Source of Vitamin C
It is an important food source in different parts of the world for several reasons. They are one of the best sources of Vitamin C. Best thing about oranges is that they are easy to store which makes it a perfect fruit to save. They have very tough skin which makes them ideal fruit to transport.
Nutrition facts of an orange
Mandarin Orange is full of nutrients. It is one of the best sources of good quality food in the world. Here are the nutrients in about half of a large orange approximately 100 grams
- Calories: 47
- Water: 87%
- Protein: 0.9 grams
- Carbs: 11.8 grams
- Sugar: 9.4 grams
- Fiber: 2.4 grams
- Fat: 0.1 grams
Carbs are another major part of the human diet and oranges are mainly contain carbs and water. With very little protein and fat and few calories, the ratio makes them a perfect snack.
- They have simple sugar such as glucose, fructose, and sucrose. These are the dominant carbs in oranges. They are responsible for oranges sweet taste.
- Oranges have a low glycemic index.
- Orange low GI values link with many different health benefits.
- Oranges’ low GI shows their high polyphenol and fiber content.
The oranges are also a good source of fiber. One large orange of 184 grams packs around 20% of the Daily Intake. The main fibers found in this fruit are pectin, cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin. Its dietary fibers mix with beneficial health effects, which include improvement of digestive health, weight loss, and control your cholesterol
Orange Cultivation In Pakistan
Pakistan grows many varieties of this exotic citrus fruit. The most popular form of orange in Pakistan is Mandarin Orange (an easy-peel variety of mandarin). Pakistan is one of the biggest exporters of oranges in Asia and Europe. There are four common types of Oranges that Pakistan produces.
It is known as the king of oranges. It has a round structure and an easy peeler. Pakistan produces the best quality Kinnow in the world. The figure for Kinnow export in Pakistan is moving forward with leaps and bounds. Kinnow has a juice content of over 47.5%. This is the highest among all types of oranges. It has 13% sugar content in each 100 mg and the best source of Vitamin C.
It is another type of Citrus that grows in Pakistan. It is also known as the sweet orange. Usually, it is available in Pakistan from Mid December to the end of January. In past, it was one of the luxury grown fruit in the foothills of the Himalayas.
This is one of the most common types of orange that is grown in Pakistan. Malta has a lovely sour taste but it does not fall in the easy-peel variety. It is usually available during the period from November to February.
Fruiter orange is a small size citrus fruit and very easy to peel. They are sweet in taste and easy to peel.
These are the most famous type of oranges that are grown in Pakistan. We grow Mandarins under the supervision of high experience personal at Saremco International. We are one of the biggest mandarin orange exporters in Pakistan. Our packaging is second to none which keeps oranges secure.